About Long Island Offices
Long Island is where people go to be seen and to play. Money, water and wine define the area. Long Island is known for its beach communities, including the playgrounds of the rich and famous, the Hamptons and Montauk Point. The area has an up-and-coming wine industry too. And, according to Forbes Magazine, Suffolk and Nassau counties are two of the 25 richest communities in the U.S. Ironically, the original inhabitants, Native American Indians, called Long Island “Sewan” which means wampum – money!
Technically, Long Island isn’t an island and it actually contains four counties – Kings (Brooklyn), Queens (Queens), Nassau and Suffolk – although when New Yorkers refer to “Long Island” they mean only the eastern counties of Nassau and Suffolk. While the western counties of Kings and Queens are considered “boroughs” of New York City (NYC) due to their close proximity to Manhattan.
British settlers first came to the eastern end of Long Island in 1640. The Dutch arrived later and settled on the western end of the island. The two groups were soon fighting over the land. By 1683, the island was divided into three counties (Kings, Queens and Suffolk). George Washington took the island from the British during the American Revolution. The island remained mostly an agricultural area until 1836 when the Long Island Rail Road (LIRR) opened, bringing more people to the island. When the Brooklyn Bridge opened in 1883, the population rapidly expanded.
After World War II and through the 1970’s, Nassau County grew faster than any other county in the U.S. Suffolk County has remained less populated as it is further from NYC.
There is a lot to do on Long Island. Beaches and recreation activities abound, including the famous Jones Beach State Park with nearly 7 miles of beautiful white sand beaches. Recreational activities on Long Island include a boardwalk, playgrounds, golf courses, nature preserves, water parks, birdwatching, sailing, kayaking, go-karts, paddleboats, scuba diving, hiking, biking, shuffleboard, croquet, lawn bowling, concerts, marinas, restaurants, camping, ferry rides, wineries, horse racing, boutiques, outlet centers, museums, festivals, wildlife park, pick-your-own farms, aquarium; tall ship cruises, historic homes and lighthouse tours, and of course, swimming.
Fire Island National Seashore, is a unique destination that can be reached by ferry. The island itself is only one-fourth of a mile wide so its easy to get around, which is good because no cars are allowed. The island has boutiques, restaurants and specialty shops, in addition to the beaches and wildlife sanctuary.
Notable famous people born on Long Island, include Walt Whitman (poet) and Jackson Pollock (artist). U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt had his “summer White House” at Sagmore Hill and is buried nearby at Young's Cemetery. Charles Lindbergh began his famous 1927 transoceanic flight to Paris in the “Spirit of St. Louis” (airplane) from Long Island, and he stayed here after his son was kidnapped.
George Washington slept here. Really! The Long Island Heritage Trail (known as the Spy Trail) was the route Washington traveled to thank loyalists after the American Revolution, as he traveled he stayed at many of the inns along the route. During Prohibition, bootleggers and rumrunners used the same route to move illegal liquor.
Along the North Shore is what is known as the “Gold Coast,” a string of 1920 era mansions and castles built by the founders of some of today’s Fortune 500 companies. These homes included “Old Westbury Gardens” (built in 1906 by John S. Phipps). It has over 100 acres of formal English gardens and a 70-room mansion, complete with antiques and priceless artwork. “Eagle’s Nest” is the estate of William K Vanderbilt, the great-grandson of Cornelius Vanderbilt. It is small by comparison with only 24 rooms, but it has beautiful gardens, fountains, airplane hangar, museum and planetarium.
Other notable homes include Henry Clay Frick, founder of U.S. Steel. His mansion is now home to the Nassau County Art Museum, which contains the Ridder Miniatures Museum and 145 acres of formal gardens with sculptures and a nature walk. There are several estates built by Charles Pratt, founder of Standard Oil, including one 204-acre estate that now houses the Holocaust Memorial and Education Center. One of the other Pratt estates houses an upscale hotel and conference center. Several estates in the area are actually castles, with Castlegould being complete with turrets, stables, blacksmith shops, barns, greenhouses, hunting lodges, guesthouses and a casino.
The largest estate in acreage is now Caumsett State Park, formerly owned by Marshall Field III, great-grandson to Marshall Field, who founded the department store of the same name. The estate has 1,600 acres with a fully operational working farm. The park also has a nature preserve with hiking and biking trails.
Other estates and mansions have been re-purposed and house university services and research labs, such as, Muttontown Preserve, made by combining two former estates, it is 550 acres of nature, ponds and woods, and Mill Neck Manor, which is now home to the Mill Neck School for the Deaf.
Today Long Island is known for its beautiful white beaches and has over 25 historic lighthouses; the earliest one was built in 1796 during the American Revolution. That first lighthouse was built after a number of ships sank off Long Island. Today, these shipwrecks are a natural draw for scuba divers and history buffs.
The Sag Harbor, Long Island Maritime and Cold Spring Harbor Whaling museums all tell the story of how whaling and merchant shipping helped build Long Island, and include fully-equipped 19th century whale and oyster boats, thousands of artifacts and scrimshaw carvings.
Aviation is a big deal on Long Island. Charles Lindbergh’s famous 1927 flight to Paris started here, and the Apollo Lunar (space) module, that landed on the moon in 1969, was built here. Grumman also built many of the advanced aircraft used by the Navy in the 1970s and 80s. There are several aviation museums to be explored too.
Many motion pictures have been filmed on Long Island, using some of the more picturesque mansions on the Gold Coast and even a few of the lighthouses.
Two Native American Indian tribes call Long Island home – the Poospatuck and Shinnecock. And, two glacier lakes grace Long Island – Ronkonkoma and Success lakes. The U. S. Merchant Marine Academy also calls the island home.
Interesting things about Long Island include the creation of Long Island Iced Tea, a potent cocktail, the Big Duck, built in 1931, it’s a duck shaped building on the National Register of Historic Places, and the longest dirt thoroughbred racing track in the world is at Belmont Park.
Business Space in Long Island
Long Island’s most obvious business is seasonal tourism, but high-tech, research, telecommunications, education, beverage manufacturing (wine); fishing and agriculture are big business too. Suffolk is the leading agricultural county in the state of New York.
Major companies that call Long Island home include Computer Associates, Motorola Enterprise Mobility, Sperry Rand, Plum Island Animal Disease Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory and the U.S. Department of Energy research facility and Stony Brook University of the State University of New York has its medical and technology research departments here.
Consider Hauppauge Industrial Park when looking to lease office space on Long Island; it is the largest industrial park on the East Coast with over 1,300 companies located here. On the eastern end of Nassau County, which is still fairly rural, there are over 60 vineyards and 30 wineries on the North Fork. And pick-your-own farms operate here year-round too. Commercial fishing is still important to Long Island’s community.
Nassau County businesses include technology, media, communications, electronics, clothing designers, aviation, beverage manufacturers, utilities, healthcare, and publishing houses. Some of the businesses here include 1-800-Flowers, Hain Celestial Group, Oleg Cassini, Inc, Sperry Corporation and Publishers Clearing House.
Suffolk County businesses include healthcare, breweries, electronics, technology, aviation, telecommunications and pharmaceutical companies, like Twinlab.
Nature preservation is a large sector of the tourist business here with ten key sites – Fire Island, Fire Island National Seashore, Fire Island Lighthouse, Amagansett, Conscience Point, Elizabeth A. Morton, Sayville, Seatuck, Target Rock and Wertheim National wildlife refuges.
Facts about Long Island:
Long Island comes by its name honestly with 1,401 square miles of area, measuring 118 miles in length and 24 miles wide at its widest point. Its elevation ranges from sea level to a high point of 401 feet above sea level.
Suffolk County is the eastern most county of Long Island and Nassau County sits directly to its west, closer to NYC.
Long Island (Kings, Queens, Suffolk and Nassau counties combined) has a population of 7,686,912 according to the 2012 Census, and contains a whopping 39% of the entire population of New York state.
“Long Island” as referred to by New Yorkers (only Nassau and Suffolk counties) has a population of 2,832,882, with Suffolk having 53% of that total and Nassau have 47%, although in area Nassau is half the size of Suffolk County, meaning Nassau is more densely settled than Suffolk.
According to the 2010 Census, the racial mix on Long Island is 49% Caucasian, 10% African American, 21% Hispanic, 12% Asian and 8% other races. There is a very large contingent of Italian-Americans here with 27% claiming Italian roots.
Suffolk County’s racial mix is 69% Caucasian, 7% African-American, 16% Hispanic, 3% Asian and 5% other races, and the median age is 36 years old.
Nassau County’s racial mix is 60% Caucasian, 11% African-American, 15% Hispanic, 8% Asian and 6% other races, and the median age is 41 years old. Jews represents 17% and Italians represent 23% of the total population here.
The average low temperature in February is 35° F and the average high temperature in July is 78° F. And it rains a lot on Long Island with annual rainfall at 50 inches a year. Average snowfall is 20 inches a year on the east-end and 35 inches a year on the west-end of the island.